A blood pressure of 140/91 indicates that you are having a STAGE 1 HYPERTENSIONS which can be a health crisis overtime.
This article tells you:
- What does a 140/91 blood pressure mean?
- What should you do if you have 140/91 blood pressure?
- Some easy to do home remedies and supplementations.
- Frequently asked question that will answer many of your queries regarding your 140/91 blood pressure.
What does a 140/91 blood pressure mean?
A level of 140/91 means that the person is going through the first stage of hypertension. A trained physician clinically diagnoses it over the course of time.
When your blood pressure is in the range of 140/90 – 160/100 for a period extending more than 7 days, your doctor may clinically diagnose it has stage one hypertension.
Stage 1 hypertension, or mild hypertension, means that the person is at higher risk of cardiovascular disorders and other comorbidities if medical attention is not sought at the right time.
The person in question must be put through to a physician to discuss the medication that will be best suited to him. Also, he will need to keep a firm check on his lifestyle.
Even though 140/91 may pose a long-term risk, it doesn’t put the patient in immediate danger and, therefore, doesn’t need hospitalization.
You may feel mild symptoms at the start which may aggravate over time, and can lead to stage 2 or other comorbidities if not treated.
Some of the symptoms you may feel when you 140/91 mm/Hg are:
- Nausea and dizziness
- Severe headache
- Excess sweating
- Difficulty in breathing
- Weight gain
What should you do if you have 140/91 blood pressure?
Here is a set-by-step procedure to follow when you figure out you have a blood pressure of 140/91.
1. Your doctor has to diagnose
If your blood is 140/91 and you have checked the same in your home setup, it is highly recommended to get it checked at your doctor’s office.
A trained professional has to clinically assess your condition and confirm that your 140/91 is, in fact, clinically valid.
There are instances when your reading at home setup might give you a reading which is incorrectly reported. It could be because of an error in reading it, damage to your device, your physical or mental condition on that particular day, etc.
Therefore, a doctor has to assess it over the course of 7 – 30 days periodically before he/she can confirm the accurate stage of your blood pressure.
In some cases, a patient might report wrong blood pressure in a hospital setup, called white coat hypertension. Here the patient may show higher blood pressure than their actual because of the anxiety inside a hospital environment.
In contrast, some patients may have masked hypertension in which the person may show lower blood pressure at clinical setup, but at home, they may have higher blood pressure.
All these conditions are linked to physiology and psychology and, therefore, better to be validated by a doctor.
2. Change your lifestyle
A level of 140/91 indicates stage one hypertension; therefore, it is high time you shift gears for a healthy lifestyle. Multiple facets of your physical health will determine your blood pressure.
A few healthy lifestyle choices that you can incorporate are:
- Try getting adequate rest every day.
- Reduce the consumption of sodium salts.
- Support a healthy diet and exercise daily.
- Try to maintain a healthy weight.
- Quit smoking and drinking, or at least keep it in check.
- Manage your stress and anxiety.
3. You may have to use these medications
Based on your doctor’s recommendation, you may have to go with one or more of the following drugs to treat your 140/91 blood pressure. All of these are prescription drugs, and the dosage is designed based on your condition
- Water pills: these are the medications that help in the withdrawal of sodium salts from the bloodstream and help the body’s hydration to a better extent. Because of the removal of sodium, your blood vessels experience less pressure over them.
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers: these supplements help stop the contraction of blood vessels. Therefore, the blood vessels are relaxed, and the blood pressure over the vessels is reduced.
- Diltiazem: this is a type of Calcium Channel Blocker. This medication stops the intermixing of Calcium minerals in your blood. Because of this, the heart rate of the person is lessened, which will help regulate the blood pressure.
- Alpha-blockers: are the medications that stop the nutrients and chemicals in the body from narrowing the blood vessels.
4. Diet check for 140/91 blood pressure
Don’t worry. Ever since the advent of human civilization, blood pressure has been a major threat. When humans started to treat it, natural remedies were the first life of defense.
Here are some of the foods to watch for when you have a 140/91 blood pressure condition:
- Limit sodium intake: High sodium intake is associated with heart attack and stroke risks. Excess sodium in blood will increase the blood volume by retaining water, which further aggravates the 140/91 blood pressure. Processed foods, pickles, bread, pizzas, junk foods, etc. shall be avoided.
- Eat potassium: An important mineral necessary for the functioning of the sodium-potassium pump, which helps in the rejection of excess sodium from the body. Bananas, leafy veggies, tuna, dairy, etc., are rich in potassium.
- Say no to caffeine: Caffeine in coffee, tea, and some aerated beverages is directly linked to the working of your heart. Even though there is no evidence that it can prolong high blood pressure, it gives an instant boost to your existing 140/91 blood pressure.
- Dark chocolate is good to go: Flavonoids in dark chocolate can help to bring down your elevated 140/91 blood pressure back to normal. Make sure you opt for a non-alkalized cocoa product with no added sugar.
- Sugar is a killer: The carbohydrate surge created by sugar is linked to an increased incidence of heart problems. Since your blood pressure is high, it is advised to avoid or atleast cut short the intake of sugar, especially artificial sweetening agents.
- Calcium-rich helps: Calcium is an important mineral that helps in the working of cardio muscles. A deficiency of calcium is often linked to increased blood pressure. Beans, tofu, leafy veggies, and dairy are some good sources of calcium.
5. Watch for comorbidities
Some of the comorbidities associated with high blood pressure include coronary artery disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, and cardiovascular disorders.
When you have 140/91, the above-mentioned comorbidities may follow; if correctly, medical attention is not sought.
Therefore, it is highly recommended to treat your hypertension, get it back to a normal level of 120/80 and maintain it.
Some diseases like diabetes, sleep apnea, stress or depression, etc., can cause your blood pressure to increase.
This is why it is important to get medical attention rather than treating yourself so that the root cause will be rectified and corrected.
6. Natural supplements for your rescue
Sometimes managing blood pressure is all about supplementing your body with the right diet. Food is undoubtedly the best primary source to supplement your body.
However, in the current scenarios, we all know how much adultered our foodstuff is, and most of us are pushed towards processed foods to feed ourselves in this fast-paced world.
All these food are high in sugar and sodium and doesn’t contain any vital nutrients that are important for a healthy heart.
This is where some of the nutraceutical-based blood pressure supplements come in handy. These products combine all critical nutrients your heart craves, thereby assisting the better function of your cardiovascular system.
Generally, these supplements are a concoction of herbs, plant-based products, dairy products, and some animal products. They are 100% organic and natural and don’t contain any harmful chemicals.
If you are hearing about these segments of products for the first time, to start with, you may blindly go for Blood Pressure Support from Vita Balance Inc, Blood Pressure Optimizer from HFL, or Corsanum, marketed by PLT Group.
Blood Pressure Support
Blood Pressure Optimizer
Blood Pressure Support combines hawthorn berry, olive leaf, hibiscus, and some vitamins like C, B6, B12, niacin, and folate alongside a bunch of other medicinal herbs to support the healthy working of the heart.
Blood Pressure Optimizer has MegaNatural®-BP grape seed extract and Celery3nB™ celery seed extract alongside common vitamins and minerals, which can help increase your cardiovascular elasticity.
Corsanum is a refined combination of olive, iron, and grapevine alongside regular products like coriander, hawthorn, and oregano, all of which are foods known to maintain cardiovascular health.
Only one thing to keep in mind is that, choose the best blood pressure-lowering supplement, because when it comes to heart, there is no taking of risk!
All the above practices are supposed to be followed in conjunction with the clinical treatment regimen your doctor chooses for you.
With 140/91 pressure, it is highly recommended to focus on therapeutic drugs which treat supplements and exercise as a heart health enhancer.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is the blood pressure, and what are the normal values?
Blood pressure is the pressure that is exerted by the blood flowing through arteries over those. Alongside that, this is the efficiency with which the blood is pumped by the heart to all the parts of the body through the circulatory system.
The normal values for blood pressure are between [90/60] and [120/80]. If a person has a blood pressure equivalent to this much, then it means that the blood will be flowing through the arteries relatively easily.
2. What is considered to be high blood pressure?
Blood pressure over the value of [130/80] is considered high blood pressure. This signifies that high pressure is being exerted by the blood flowing through the vessels over those.
And therefore, it is difficult for the human heart to be able to pump blood to all the parts of the body rather efficiently. This is a problem that can arise when the size of the vessels is contracted compared to the original size.
3. What is considered to be low blood pressure?
A blood pressure lesser than the value of [90/60] is termed low blood pressure. This type of value means that low pressure is put forward by the blood over the vessels that are carrying it. It can also be taken as a measure that, the blood is not able to reach all the parts of the body.
Or, the heart is not capable of circulating blood to all the parts of the body in an effective way. This problem in blood pressure is mainly the effect of dehydration and pregnancy.
4. What are hypertension and hypotension? Are they both the same as high and low blood pressure?
Hypertension is the condition that emerges when a person is having high blood pressure. Because of contraction in vessels, the blood can not flow through the vessels efficiently, and therefore, high pressure is exerted over the blood vessels, this particular condition is high blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension.
Hypotension is the condition that comes into effect when the blood pressure of a person is lower compared to the ideal value of blood pressure. This means that the heart is unable to pump blood through the blood vessels to all the body parts. This type of situation when observed is called low blood pressure, or hypotension.
5. What will happen to your general health when you have high blood pressure?
High blood pressure puts you at an imminent risk of arteries rupture because of the high pressure applied over those by the circulating blood. This can, in turn, affect the circulation of blood to all the parts of the body, and your heart itself. And, the latter part can lead you to some serious heart diseases. The high pressure applied over the heart walls can put you close to the risk of heart attack and heart failure.
6. What causes high blood pressure and low blood pressure?
The medical conditions of high blood pressure and low blood pressure are both effects of the lifestyle that we lead. This means that if we adapt to a lifestyle that is in line with our body and overall physical fitness, then we will have ideal blood pressure.
But, if our lifestyle is deviated from what we had started, some medical conditions can arise. High blood pressure and low blood pressure are some of those problems.
7. What are the risks of having high blood pressure?
The most serious risk that is faced by an individual that is suffering from high blood pressure is the risk of heart attack, heart failure, or some chronic disease related to the heart.
Moreover, there are also the additional risks of strokes, vision loss, diabetes, kidney failure, unresponsiveness to external stimuli, chronic chest pain, artery damage, and vascular dementia.
8. What can I do to lower my blood pressure?
To lower your blood pressure, the foremost step should be to limit the intake of sodium salts. Then, it will be good for you to opt for a healthy lifestyle; eat healthy meals and exercise daily. Try to maintain your weight to healthy proportions. Limit the intake of alcohol and caffeine-related beverages, and quit smoking.
Also, you need to have an adequate amount of rest every day and keep your stress and anxiety in proper check. If you continue to face high blood pressure problems even after making these changes in your lifestyle, it will be good for you to consult with a physiotherapist to discuss your blood pressure medications.
9. What are the risks of having low blood pressure?
The harmful effects that are associated with low blood pressure are not as prominent as what is associated with high blood pressure, but they can serve to be just as much harmful in the long run. Low blood pressure can lead to lightheadedness, dizziness, and confusion for a prolonged period.
This is a condition that can make you weak physically as well as mentally. Low blood pressure leads to a depletion in the effectiveness of motor senses, and the subject is likely to faint from time to time. This condition can also lead to blurred vision and can damage peripheral nerves over a long time.
10. What can I do to increase my blood pressure?
Increase the usage of table salts in your diet, and drink plenty of water. Limit your intake of alcohol as it is a dehydrating agent. Increase your diet by taking small meals multiple times with low carbs. Exercise daily and try to take up a lifestyle that will be good for your health and physical well-being.
Try to maintain a body weight that will be good as per your physical stature and age. Avoid changing positions abruptly, and wear compression stockings to improve blood flow in the legs. Also, consult a physiotherapist regarding your medications for low blood pressure.
11. Can smoking and alcohol affect my blood pressure?
Smoking and alcohol have an active impact on the blood pressure levels of an individual. These can lead to an effective change in the size of arteries that carry blood to all the parts of the body.
Heavy intake of alcohol can increase blood pressure in individuals to a significantly high level and this can even lead to long-term blood pressure issues in the individual. On the other hand, smoking is as bad as it can be. It leads to the contraction of blood vessels, which increases the pressure of blood over the heart walls. This puts you at risk of heart disease.
12. How to correctly check my blood pressure at home?
If you want to check your blood pressure at home, you can use portable blood pressure monitors to do so. These are highly adaptable and can help provide you with your blood pressure levels closest to accurate.
But if you are seeking precision in the readings, then it will be good if you were to follow certain measures. For once, avoid intake of caffeine and alcohol before taking the reading. And, have a proper rest of nearly 10 minutes before measuring your blood pressure.
13. Why is it important to visit a doctor to confirm high/low blood pressure?
It is important to visit a doctor regarding blood pressure for the sake of the precision of the outcome or the result of the readings. Moreover, in a proper medical facility and care of professionals, you will be able to get guidance about how to keep your blood pressure in check if it is not per your ideal blood pressure.
Also, you can get a consultation regarding the changes that you will need to make in your lifestyle to bring your blood pressure back in check.
14. Should you be worried about high blood pressure during pregnancy?
High blood pressure during the latter half of the pregnancy is not that rare of an occurrence. However, it is not something to make light of either. If not treated properly, or significant steps are not taken regarding it, this high blood pressure may pose danger to the health of the parent as well as the baby.
This type of high blood pressure or hypertension is called gestational hypertension, and it is not long-lasting. It goes away after the delivery of the baby.
15. What are some of the symptoms to watch out for in high blood pressure?
The symptoms of high blood pressure are not something that can be ignored readily. These symptoms include severe headache, anxiety attacks, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, blood spots in the eyes, intense fatigue, blurred or distorted vision, and vomiting or nausea. These symptoms are not something to be taken lightly.
High blood pressure is not an incurable problem, but measures are needed to be taken against it in the due time. So, don’t make light of the symptoms and consult a physiotherapist regarding these.
16. What foods should you eat to lower blood pressure?
To lower blood pressure eat a diet that is rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium and potassium.
Besides this, it is good to take short meals that are low in curbs. Instead of deep-fried products, it will be good if you were to incline towards a diet that is mainly consisting of vegetables like spinach, broccoli, and other leafy green vegetables.
Consume lots of low-fat poultry and dairy products. These will help enable a healthy diet for you and help you lean towards a healthy lifestyle.
17. What are the best herbs and spices for high blood pressure?
Many known herbs and spices are proven to have a significant effect on high blood pressure. Significantly, basil, parsley, Chinese cat’s claw, celery seeds, Brahmi, thyme, garlic, and ginger are the herbs that are most commonly made use of by people that are suffering from high blood pressure. Along with these, cardamom, cloves, ajwain, green oat, and flaxseeds are the spices that help manage high blood pressure.
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